List of native Linux smartphones, tablets and wearables

Below you'll find a list of the currently available native pure Linux (non-Android) mobile devices, listed primarily by category and secondarily in alphabetical order.

If instead you were looking for already existing/consumer smartphones that can run Linux, have a look at Can My Phone Run Linux?

Smartphones and tablet PCs

The following are modern Linux phones and tablets, which can be bought or will become available in the near future.

FXTec Pro1-X [$$]

A high-end Linux/Android smartphone, brought by the collaboration of FXTec and XDA Developers

Released: October 2020
Price: €718+
Specs: Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 MSM8998, 6/128GB, 4G modem, 3200mAh battery
OS: PureOS, postmarketOS
Kernel: mainline (partial support)

JingPad A1 [$$]

A high-end Linux tablet, which we also reviewed, running the JingOS desktop environment.

Released: September 2021
Price: $500+
Specs: Unisoc Tiger T7510, 8/128GB, 5G modem, 8000mAh battery
OS: JingOS
Kernel: downstream, 4.14 (Unisoc tree)

Librem 5 [$$$]

Arguably the first modern Linux smartphone.

Released: September 2019
Price: $650/$700
Specs: i.MX8 SoC (4xA53), 3/32GB, 4G modem, 3500mAh battery
OS: PureOS, postmarketOS
Kernel: mainline

Necunos [$$$$]

Technically not a phone, as it contains no modem; rather a PDA. Made in Finland

Released: ?
Price: $1360/€1200
Specs: ?
OS: Debian, postmarketOS, Maemo, Nemo, LuneOS
Kernel: mainline

PinePhone [$]

An entry-level, extremely popular Linux smartphone with a wide range of supported software. The must-have Linux phone for mobile FOSS hackers in 2020/2021.

Released: November 2019
Price: $149+
Specs: Allwinner A64 (4xA53), 2/3GB RAM, 16/32GB ROM, 5Mp camera, 4G modem, ~3000mAh battery
OS: postmarketOS, Debian, Ubuntu Touch, Maemo Leste, LuneOS
Kernel: mainline

PineTab [$]

Source

Entry-level Linux tablet, with similar hardware configuration to the PinePhone and no modem.

Released: June 2020
Price: $99+
Specs: Allwinner A64 (4xA53), 2/16-64GB, 5Mp camera, 6000mAh battery
OS: postmarketOS, Debian, Ubuntu Touch, Maemo Leste, LuneOS
Kernel: mainline

PineCom [$]

Entry-level Linux PDA, with similar hardware configuration to the PinePhone and no modem.

Released: TBD
Price: TBD
Specs: Allwinner A64 (4xA53), 2/16GB, 5Mp camera, ~2500mAh battery?
OS: postmarketOS, Debian, Ubuntu Touch, Maemo Leste, LuneOS
Kernel: mainline

PineNote [$$]

A premium Linux e-ink notebook and reader, based on the RK3566 SoC used on the Quartz64 board and offering Wacom pen input.

Released: TBD
Price: $399
Specs: Rockchip RK3566 (4xA55), 4/128GB
OS: postmarketOS, Debian
Kernel: mainline

Precursor [$$$]

A RISC-V, open-hardware PDA aimed specifically at (low-level) software developers, inspired by early-2000s PDAs and created by hardware hacker Sutajio Kosagi.

Released: TBD
Price: $512+
Specs: Xilinx XC7S50 ("Spartan-7", 464MHz) + iCE40UP5K FPGA, 128MB/16MB, monochrome LCD display
OS: postmarketOS, Debian, Ubuntu Touch, Maemo Leste, LuneOS
Kernel: mainline

Privecall TX / Proteus Device [?]

Source

Not a smartphone (no modem) but rather a handheld/PDA aimed mostly at development and testing. Highly privacy-oriented, and very similar to the Necunos (see above). Made in Helsinki, Finland. Their wiki contains some more information on the device. Very similar to the Necunos NC-1 above, so it might be very similar, if not the same device.

Released: TBD
Price: TBD
Specs: i.MX6, 1GB/8GB, Ethernet port, 3500mAh battery
OS: PriveOS, likely Debian-based
Kernel: mainline

Volla Phone [$$]

Probably the most traditional (half) native Linux phone, Volla comes in Android and Ubuntu Touch variants. Its German startup has established an official partnership with the UBPorts Foundation for stable Ubuntu support. However, due to the closed nature of Mediatek SoCs, pure "mainline" Linux may never be supported. Based on Siemens GS290 hardware.

Released: October 2020
Price: €359
Specs: MediaTek Helio P23, 4GB/64GB, 5000mAh battery
OS: Android, Ubuntu Touch, Sailfish OS
Kernel: downstream (Mediatek tree)

Volla Phone X [$$]

Similarly to its standard sibling, the Phone X comes in Android and Ubuntu Touch variants and benefits from an official partnership with the UBPorts Foundation for stable Ubuntu Touch support. However, due to the closed nature of Mediatek SoCs, pure "mainline" Linux may never be supported. Based on Siemens GX290 hardware.

Released: May 2021
Price: TBD
Specs: MediaTek Helio P23, 4GB/64GB, 6200mAh battery
OS: Android, Ubuntu Touch, Sailfish OS
Kernel: downstream (Mediatek tree)

Older and discontinued devices

These devices are not available on the market anymore.

Bq E4.5/E5/E10

These devices could be bought with Ubuntu Touch by default, and are still officially supported by UBPorts.

Released: 2012/2013
OS: Ubuntu Touch

Firefox OS devices

OpenOS / Firefox OS was discontinued in 2015.

Other older and discontinued devices

2001 IBM WatchPad

You can take a look at LinuxDevices.org for an extensive archive of mostly older Linux phones, PDAs, tablets, wearables and more.